Below is a list of sources used through out the project to learn, not only about Virgil, but about the Normandy Invasion itself. Many are annotated but if there are any questions about the sources below, please contact us via our 'contact us' page.
"70Years.org." The 70 Years Project. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Mar. 2013. <http://www.70years.org/>.
Website containing multiple newspapers from the WWII time period.
Ambrose, Stephen. "Eisenhower, the Intelligence Community, and the D-Day Invasion." Wisconsin Historical Press. The Wisconsin Magazine of History, 2012. Web. 22 Mar. 2013.
Detailed description of the events that took place at D-Day including the build up and aftermath. This article includes numerous photos and diagrams of the events on the coast of Normandy.
Anderson, David. "Nazi Forces in Normandy Isolated By Air Attacks on Communications." New York Times 30 June 1944: Pg.1. Print.
Article tesityfing to the greatness of the Allied Air Force and the advancements made in the month of June, 1944.
Baldwin, Hanson W. "Beginnings in France." New York Times 14 June 1944: Pg 4. Print.
Article written 8 days after the initial Normandy Invasion discussing the advancements and gains of the Allies thus far in the Western offensive.
Beevor, Antony. D-day: The Battle for Normandy. New York: Penguin, 2010. Print.
Incredibly in-depth book that compiles more than thirty years of research on Normandy. Written by renowned historian Antony Beevor this book discusses the points of view of each of the major Allied powers as well the Germans providing insight to the Western front.
Churchill, Winston. "By Winston Churchill: The Second World War." New York Times 25 Oct. 1950: n. pag. Print.
Winston Churchill provides his insights on WWII including the proceedings on June 6th, 1944; D-Day.
Daniel, Raymond. "Oppression or Freedom the Stakes of Invasion." New York Times 11 June 1944: E4. Print.
Article written by a journalist in France describing D-Day as the climax of struggle against fascism.
"D-Day - 1944." YouTube. National Archives, 10 Nov. 2009. Web. 11 Mar. 2013. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9gwLfdLOmgM>.
Video from the 1940's shown as propaganda in support of the United States military. Video shows first hand footage and photographs from the Western front.
"D-Day - 6 June 1944 - Operation Overlord - Landing in Normandy." D-Day - 6 June 1944 - Operation Overlord - Landing in Normandy. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Mar. 2013. <http://www.americandday.org/>.
Database containing many primary source photos and testimonies from WWII veterans.
"D-Day." ARMY.MIL. U.S. Army, n.d. Web. 22 Mar. 2013.United States Military official website dedicated to the invasion at Normandy. This website contains both primary photographs and quotes in a addition to secondary commentary by the United States Military
Eisenhower, Dwight D. Crusade in Europe. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins UP, 1997. Print.Book written by former President and General Dwight Eisenhower.
This book shows how difficult being in a position of power war during World War II and provides vivid insight into the details of Normandy.
"Eisenhower Presidential Library and Museum." Eisenhower Presidential Library and Museum. Eisenhower Presidential Library and Museum, n.d. Web. 11 Mar. 2013. <http://www.eisenhower.archives.gov/research/online_documents/d_day.html>.
Source containing the primary source documentation of Eisenhower's order of the day for June 6th, 1944 as well as his subsequent victory order of the day and failure of the day note ( hand written ).
Friedrich, Otto. "Down but Not out." Time. Time, 1991. Web. 21 Mar. 2013.
Article discussing the build up to normandy with a focus on Pearl Harbor.
"General Dwight D. Eisenhower's Order of the Day (1944)." Our Documents - GOV. US Government, n.d. Web. 11 Mar. 2013. <http://www.ourdocuments.gov/doc.php?flash=true>.
Federal record formal typed version of General Dwight D. Eisenhower's Order of the Day (1944). Also contains government commentary and short lesson on D-Day itself.
Girten, Elmer. "War Stories: Oral History." YouTube. WGTE, 02 Oct. 2007. Web. 22 Mar. 2013.
Oral history of personal experience during WWII as told directly from Elmer Girten who fought at D-Day
Gribbs, Nancy. "D-Day: 60th Anniversary: The Greatest Day." Time Magazine 31 May 2004: n. pag. Print.
Written nearly 60 years later this article still remembers the hard fought battle for freedom that took place on the coasts of Normandy, testifying to its greatness and the brave men who were a part of it.
"Immortality for a Soldier from a Spartan Upbringing; Normandy Statue Honors Minnesotan Virgil Tangborn and 3 Others Who Died Liberating the French." High Beam Research. High Beam Research, n.d. Web. <http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-62594661.html>.
Description and dedication to a monument built in France in remembrance of D-Day.
Kershaw, Alex. The Bedford Boys: One American Town's Ultimate D-Day Sacrifice. Cambridge, MA: Da Capo, 2003. Print.
Book discussing one towns extraordinary sacrifice during World War II.
Levaufre, Henri, We Were at Normandy, Periers, France: Henri Levaufre, 2008
This book was written and self-published by Periers resident Henri Levaufre who has put in a lot of work to commemorate the 90th Infantry division and was instrumental in the memorial to Virgil Tangborn and three others soldiers in Levaufre's hometown of Periers, France.
Levaufre, Christian, Personal interview, Utah Beach Museum, Sainte Marie du Mont, France, June 2013
It was an honor to have a personalized tour of the Museum with Christian Levaufre who works at the museum and is the son of Henri Levaufre. Christian is an air force veteran and expert who gave us a specialized tour of the B-26G Marauder known as Dinah Might.
"Morale Was Low on D-Day." Sarasota Journal, n.d. Web. <http://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1798&dat=19590601&id=DAMdAAAAIBAJ&sjid=7ooEAAAAIBAJ&pg=7269,444698>.
Newspaper clipping reporting on the morale of German soldiers on the day known infamously as D-Day.
New York Times Archives. "Normandy Two Years After." New York Times 2 June 1946: n. pag. Print.
Photograph special by the New York Times with captions done two years after the landing.
New York Times Archives. "NORMANDY'S SHORE OFTTIMES INVADED: Havre,Cherbourg and Lesser Ports..." New York Times 6 June 1944: n. pag. Print.
Article explaining the strategy to attacking Normandy as well as the sheer difficulty of such an undertaking.
"Normandy." Normandy. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Mar. 2013.
Detailed pamphlet on D-Day by the United States military.
"Obama Hails 'sheer Improbability' of D-Day Victory." MPR News. Minnesota Public Radio, 2009. Web. 12 Mar. 2013. <http://minnesota.publicradio.org/display/web/2009/06/06/obama_dday_speech>.
Article showing how D-Day has had a lasting impact on our society. This piece features the President of the United States speaking to the true genius of D-Day and also to the huge sacrifices made to make it possible.
"Professional Opinion." Message to Nathan Huegan. 12 Mar. 2013. E-mail.
Email correspondence with the coordinator for National History day for the National World War II Museum discussing his professional opinions in regard to the landing at Normandy. Mr Huegan is also a leader for the Albert H Small Normandy institute which takes students over seas to do research on World War II.
Rickard, J. "Battle of Britain, 10 July-31 October 1940." Battle of Britain, 10 July-31 October 1940. History of War, n.d. Web. 12 Mar. 2013. <http://www.historyofwar.org/articles/battle_of_britain.html>.
Rickard discusses WWII and the alternate outcomes that could have resulted if key decisions had not been made.
Shalett, Sidney. "German Dilemma In Normandy Seen." New York Times, 14 June 1944. Web.
Article discussing the weaknesses in the German military as evident by American correspondents in France.
Shattuck, Kathryn. "Remembering the Price of Victory." New York Times, 30 May 2004. Web.
Article looking back on D-Day in remembrance of those involved in the greatest amphibious assault of it's time.
Tangborn Family. "Virgil J. Tangborn." Virgil J. Tangborn. The Tangborn Family, n.d. Web. 10 Aug. 2013.This website was created by the Tangborn family to tell some of Virgil's Story.
Tangborn, Wendell, and Andrea Lewis. "Normandy Memorial Tour." Wendell Tangborn, n.d. Web. 10 Aug. 2013.Published document that describes the dedication of the statue in Periers which features Virgil. It describes Wendell and Andrea's trip and experiences in Normandy for the dedication as well as some students in France who did a project on Virgil.
Tangborn, Wendell. Online interviews. 2013.
On several occasions we spoke with Virgil's younger brother Wendell who helped us learn more about Virgil as a person.
Terkel, Studs. "The Good War": An Oral History of World War Two. New York: Pantheon, 1984. Print.
Compliation of heart wrenching stories told first hand about experiences faced from many points of view during World War II, among these points of veiw are those of soldiers, family members, and civilians.
Time Magazine Archive. "Rise and Fall of the Wehrmacht." Time Magazine, 14 May 1945. Web.
Article discussing how the Nazi's have fallen written shortly before the end of the war.
Time Magazine Archive. "World Battlefronts : The Fate of the World." Time Magazine 1 Jan. 1945: n. pag. Print.
A reflection written the 1st of 1945 looking back on the previous year. This Article stresses how the success at D-Day was a pivotal point in the war and how it has now given the Allies the ability to win the war.
Time Magazine. "D-Day: Every Man Was a Hero A Military Gamble That Shaped History." Time Magazine 28 May 1984: n. pag. Print.
Article discussing the men of D-Day, remembering them as heroes given the great sacrifice they made.
Time Magazine. "The Invasion: June Night: June 12,1944." Time Magazine, 12 June 1944. Web.
First hand anecdotal summary of the events that took place on June 6th, 1944.
"Today in History: June 6." The Library of Congress. The Library of Congress, n.d. Web. 11 Mar. 2013. <http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/today/jun06.html>.
Description of the events on June 6th, 1944, by experts from the Library of Congress.
"Virgil J. Tangborn." Virgil J. Tangborn. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Mar. 2013. <http://normandy44-90div.us.pagesperso-orange.fr/oldsite/usa/2-visage-virgil01.htm>.
The story of one WWII veteran who saved many people and was awarded a purple heart during his time in WWII as a part of the 90th Infantry Division.
"Voices of D-Day." PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. 11 Mar. 2013. <http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/dday/sfeature/sf_voices.html>.
"The battle's fliers, the men who landed on Normandy's beaches, and German soldiers tell their stories"
"World War II Remembered: The Impact of War Then and Now." YouTube. Dartmouth College, 16 Nov. 2012. Web. 11 Mar. 2013. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aNpPQHNWhqM>.
The stories of three individuals who lived through WWII as told by themselves at a conference remembering those sacrificed during WWII at Dartmouth college.